LOINC
Version 2.72

82199-1Salmonella enterica+bongori DNA [Presence] in Stool by NAA with non-probe detectionActive

Term Description

Qualitative detection of nucleic acid sequences in the Salmonella enterica and bongori DNA in stool specimens by PCR and non-probe detection methods, such as melt curve analysis. This assay cannot differentiate between the two Salmonella species. This term was created for, but not limited in use to, the submitter's test kit, FilmArray Gastrointestinal Panel (GI) v2.1.
Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Part Description

LP217212-2   Salmonella enterica+bongori
Salmonella are gram-negative, flagellated, facultative intracellular, anaerobic bacilli with O, H and Vi surface antigens. Once ingested, Salmonella survives the gastric acid barrier and penetrates the epithelial cells of the small and large intestines. The invasion of the epithelial cells stimulates the release of cytokines and a subsequent inflammatory response leading to diarrhea and possible ulceration of the mucosa.[NCBI Books:8435] Antibodies to Salmonella are the body's defense when the bacteria is outside of its host cell which occurs at the initial infection and when the bacillus moves from cell to cell. There is a 10 minute window of opportunity when the Salmonella bacillus leaves the macrophage to invade another. During that time, antibodies and complement work to eradicate the bacilli, but some of the extracellular bacilli will evade attack and enter another host cell. Studies have shown that vaccines play an important role in the fight against typhoid fever.[PMID:25566248] There are two species of Salmonella: S. enterica and S. bongori. These species can be further subclassified into subspecies and serovars.

Veterinary Medicine:
Salmonella infection is most often caused by the serovars Salmonella choleraesuis, and Salmonella typhimurium and less often by Salmonella derby. Infected pigs can be asymptomatic and become carriers of S. choleraesius. Typically, the bacteria survive in the mesenteric lymph nodes that drain into the intestines, and are not shed in the feces unless the pig is under stress. The carrier state lasts for weeks to months and is self-limiting. Severe infection with S. choleraesius can be serious starting out as septicemia and progressing to pneumonia and enteritis. The infection can spread to various tissues including to the central nervous system leading to meningitis and to the joints where it manifests as arthritis. Severe infections with S. choleraesius occurs at any age, but most often in pigs 12-14 weeks of age.[http://www.thepigsite.com/pighealth/article/357/salmonellosis/] Source: Regenstrief LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Salmonella enterica+bongori DNA
Property
PrThr
Time
Pt
System
Stool
Scale
Ord
Method
Non-probe.amp.tar

Additional Names

Short Name
S ent+bong DNA Stl Ql NAA+non-probe
Display Name
S. enterica+bongori DNA NAA+non-probe Ql (Stl)
Consumer Name Alpha
Salmonella enterica+bongori, Stool

Example Answer List LL744-4

Source: Regenstrief Institute

Answer Code Score Answer ID
Detected LA11882-0
Not detected LA11883-8

Basic Attributes

Class
MICRO
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.56
Last Updated
Version 2.63
Order vs. Observation
Both

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
82195-9 Gastrointestinal pathogens DNA and RNA panel - Stool by NAA with non-probe detection

Language Variants Get Info

zh-CNChinese (China)
肠道沙门菌+邦戈尔沙门菌 DNA:存在情况或阈值:时间点:大便:序数型:非探针法.基因扩增.靶向
fr-FRFrench (France)
Salmonella enterica+bongori ADN:Présence/Seuil:Ponctuel:Selles:Qualitatif:Non-PCR amplification de cible
it-ITItalian (Italy)
Salmonella enterica+bongori DNA:PrThr:Pt:Feci:Ord:Non-sonda.amp.tar
es-MXSpanish (Mexico)
Salmonella enterica + ADN bongori:Presencia o umbral:Punto temporal:Heces:Ordinal:Amplificación de ácidos nucleicos con detección sin sonda
es-ESSpanish (Spain)
Salmonella enterica+bongi ADN:PrThr:Punto temporal:Heces:Ord:Amplificación del objetivo no basado en sonda

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=82199-1