LOINC
Version 2.70

97554-0Methemoglobin/Hemoglobin.total in Central venous bloodActive

Part Descriptions

LP15729-4   Methemoglobin
Methemoglobin is a form of the oxygen-carrying protein hemoglobin, in which the iron in the heme group is in the Fe3+ state, not the Fe2+ of normal hemoglobin. Metheomglobin appears blue and is unable to carry oxygen. The NADH-dependent enzyme methemoglobin reductase (AKA diaphorase I) is responsible for converting methemoglobin back to hemoglobin. Normally 1-2% of people's hemoglobin is methemoglobin, a higher percentage than this can be genetic or caused by exposure to various chemicals and depending on the level can cause health problems. A higher level of methemoglobin will tend to cause a pulse oximeter to read closer to 85% regardless of the true level of oxygen saturation. Methemoglobinemia can be caused by genetic abnormalities such as diaphorase I deficiency, or abnormal hemoglobin variants. It can also be caused by certain oxidizing drugs (benzocaine), antibiotics (trimethoprim or sulfanamides), analine dyes, metoclopramide, chlorates, bromates, and nitrates. Infants under 6 months are particularly susceptible when exposed to nitrates, benzocaine, or even dehydration. Methemoglobinemia can be treated with supplemental oxygen and methylene blue. Copyright Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ for details. Source: Wikipedia, Methemoglobin (Wikipedia)

LP422982-1   BldCV
Central venous blood is blood found in the interior jugular or subclavian vein sampled via a central venous catheter. The composition of central venous blood is different from mixed venous blood, found in the pulmonary artery and also sampled via catheter, and peripheral venous blood, sampled via venipuncture. Central venous blood contains blood from the upper body, whereas mixed venous blood contains deoxygenated blood from the entire body. Source: LOINC

Fully-Specified Name

Component
Methemoglobin/Hemoglobin.total
Property
MFr
Time
Pt
System
BldCV
Scale
Qn
Method

Additional Names

Short Name
MetHgb MFr BldCV
Display Name
Methemoglobin (BldCV) [Mass fraction]
Consumer Name Alpha
Methemoglobin/Total Hgb, Blood

Basic Attributes

Class
CHEM
Type
Laboratory
First Released
Version 2.70
Last Updated
Version 2.70
Order vs. Observation
Observation

Member of these Panels

LOINC Long Common Name
97535-9 Gas panel - Central venous blood

Example Units

Unit Source
% Example UCUM Units

LOINC FHIR® API Example - CodeSystem Request Get Info

https://fhir.loinc.org/CodeSystem/$lookup?system=http://loinc.org&code=97554-0